Cause and effect of cervical whiplash injury

Whiplash is a term used to describe a neck injury which is usually caused by an abrupt, forceful motion of the cervical spine, and the supporting muscles and soft tissues.

Motor vehicle accidents are the most common cause of whiplash injury. Hyperflexion and hyperextension of the cervical vertebrae causes the spine to cause an S-shaped curve.

Symptoms of whiplash include neck pain or stiffness, headache, back ache or pain, numbness, or tingling in the shoulders and arms.

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